The Tribune Interview: Jai Ram Thakur, Chief Minister Himachal Pradesh Being a state where tourism is the mainstay for a sizeable population, the impact of the Covid pandemic on Himachal… [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. All Religious Communities. Indira Gandhi Medical College and Hospital in Shimla, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College in Kangra, Rajiv Gandhi Government Post Graduate Ayurvedic College in Paprola and Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital in Kumarhatti are the prominent medical institutes in the state. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. The only broad gauge railway line in the whole state connects Amb Andaura-Una Himachal railway station to Nangal Dam in Punjab and runs all the way to Daulatpur, Himachal Pradesh. [122] In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. Himachal Pradesh Election Opinion Poll 2017, Himachal Pradesh Election BJP INC Candidate List 2017. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. Besides these, there is a Government Dental College in Shimla which is the state's first recognised dental institute.[129]. [53], Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the country on human development indicators after Kerala. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. Islam is second most popular religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it. [117] Lentils (Dāl), rice (Chāwal or Bhāț), vegetables (Sabzī) and chapati (wheat flatbread) form the staple food of the local population. Indus Publishing. They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. [103] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. The state was declared India's second open-defecation-free state in 2016. Starting in the 3rd century BCE, Buddhism was propagated by the Maurya Empire under the reign of Ashoka. The State itself is a post-independence creation. [89] The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. [117] Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state. Religion The bulk population of Himachal Pradesh is Hindus, 95.77% of the total population (1981 census). Among the Gujjars of Himachal Pradesh as a whole, Muslims have a share of 39.2 percent. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state's economy. Meadows and pastures are also seen clinging to steep slopes. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. With remarkable economic and social advancements, the state has changed rapidly. [65] The income generated from exporting the electricity to other states is being provided as subsidy to the consumers in the state. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. [60] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. On one hand, it is playing an important and certainly positive role in the socio economic and political development in state and on the other hand offering new employment opportunities. 13,777,037. Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal. The Bilaspur city is divided into 11 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. [116] The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. 200 pp. Almost 90% of the state's population lives in rural areas. Although every former princely state within Himachal Pradesh has a local dialect named after it, Hindi (the official state language) and Pahari are the principal languages. Census of India (2011), the states and union territories of India, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, "Telangana's 'people's leader' Bandaru Dattatreya appointed Himachal Pradesh Governor", "Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy Takes Oath As Himachal Chief Justice", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed", "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14", "Himachal becomes India's second 'Open Defecation Free' state, to get Rs 9,000 cr funding from World Bank", "HP least corrupt state: CMS-India study", "Corruption on decline in India; Karnataka ranked most corrupt, Himachal Pradesh least: Survey", "Himachal initiates rs 1134 crore horticultural developmental project", "In Himachal Pradesh Striking gold with marigold", "Wild Life: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department", "Himachal to have new State Animal, Bird and Flower – Hill Post", "Who is Jairam Thakur – front runner for Himachal Pradesh CM post after Prem Kumar Dhumal's shock defeat", "DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER, Kangra Division, Dharamshala", "MAP (Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies of HP)", "Economic Survey projects Himachal Pradesh's growth rate at 7.7% - Times of India", "Growth rate for Himachal Pradesh estimated at 6.8%", "Final English Budget Speech for 2018–19", "An Overview of Planning in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Economic Development", "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan", "Crop Diversification in Himachal Pradesh: Patterns, Determinants and Challenges", "State specific files, Chapter 57: Himachal Pradesh", "$37 Million Additional Financing for Himachal Pradesh Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project, India – 18000 Farmer Households to Benefit", "Apple season begins in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh headed for good Apple crop this year", "Production of Apple Increases by About 36% in 2015–16", "Independence Day-2013 Speech by Virbhadra Singh", "While others sweat, Himachal struggles to sell its surplus power", "Himachal's mega 100 Mw hydro power project to be commissioned this month", "Historic pilgrimage trek to Himalayas concludes, five dead", "Himachal Pradesh: Dev Bhoomi, The Land of Gods", "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again", "Top 15 Places To Visit in Himachal Pradesh", "Paragliding World Cup 2015 will be held in India: All you need to know", "India hosts the first ever Paragliding World Cup", "Airfares to Dharamsala skyrocket this weekend", "Complete Una-Hamirpur rail line survey within 6 months: Anurag", "Kangra's narrow gauge rail corridor is all set to get heritage status", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Work on Chandigarh-Baddi railway line to start soon", "With eye on China, India begins work on Himachal-Ladakh rail link", "White Paper on purchase of fleet of buses", "Himachal private bus operators seek hike in fare", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census 2011:Population size and Decadal change", "STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 2015–16: I – AREA AND POPULATION- Table 1.17 and 1.18, XIII – EDUCATION- Table 13.07", "Himachal Pradesh Youth status report: Sex ratio up but total fertility rate declining", "Indian Districts by Population, Sex Ratio, Literacy 2011 Census", "Highlights of Himachal Pradesh HDR (2002)", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Himachal Pradesh Districts – Religion 2011", "CHAPTER 2: SCHEDULED AREAS AND SCHEDULED TRIBES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH", "Traditional handicrafts and handloom of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh", "Himcrafts: H.P State Handicrafts and Handloom Corp. Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=999286408#Religion, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi),[4] it is a mountainous state. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range. [50] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. 14 1.15 Residential Houses in Himachal Pradesh 2001 and 2011 Census. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). Hinduism is the majority religion in the state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall. It came into being as a centrally administered territory on 15 April 1948 from the integration of thirty erstwhile princely states.[36]. [52] The GDP for fiscal 2015–16 was estimated at ₹1.110 trillion,[47] which increased to ₹1.247 trillion in 2016–17, recording growth of 6.8%. [54] One of the Indian government's key initiatives to tackle unemployment is the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA). While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. 12,878,491. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. There has been a distinct rise in the Muslim share during the last decade. Social, Cultural and Economic History of Himachal Pradesh. The region also has some of the oldest Buddhist Monasteries in the world Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. The law has come into force in the state a year after it was passed by the assembly. Himachal Pradesh Urban/Rural Population 2011, Himachal Pradesh Latest Caste/Religion Wise population demographics and Census Information before Assembly Elections. Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). [19] The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej, and the Yamuna. [105][106], Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015. The participation of women in the NREGA has been observed to vary across different regions of the nation. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. [111][112] The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. As per details from Census 2011, Himachal Pradesh has population of 68.65 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 60.78 Lakh in 2001 census. They have some concentration in Chamba, Kangra and Sirmur. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. [114][115] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. [9], Hindi is the official language of Himachal Pradesh and is spoken by the majority of the population as a lingua franca. Kangra, Himachal Pradesh District population is 1510075 as per India Census 2011 and area is 5739 Ha. [110] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. [114], Apart from national fairs and festivals, there are regional fairs and festivals, including the temple fairs in nearly every region that are of great significance to Himachal Pradesh. 15 The Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, Indian Institute of Technology Mandi, Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh University in Shimla, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Dharamsala, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Alakh Prakash Goyal University, Maharaja Agrasen University, Himachal Pradesh National Law University are some of the notable universities in the state. Hima means snow in Sanskrit, and the literal meaning of the state’s name is in the lap of the Himalayas. [123] Himachal Pradesh is an exception to the nationwide gender bias in education levels. Hinduism is majority religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. [37] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. [60] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. Prior to India's independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. [83] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. [118] Himachali specialities include Siddu, Babru, Khatta, Mhanee, Channa Madra, Patrode, Mah Ki Dal, Chamba-Style Fried Fish, Kullu Trout, Chha Gosht, Pahadi Chicken, Sepu Badi, Auriya Kaddu, Aloo Palda, Pateer, Makki Ki Roti and Sarson Ka Saag, Chouck, Bhagjery and Chutney of Til. In 2001, total population was 6,077,900 in which males were 3,087,940 while females were 2,989,960. [15] Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. The recruitment rally will also be held for the post of Junior Commissioned Officer (Religious Teacher) (JCO RT) and Havildar (Surveyor Automated Cartographer) (Hav SAC) for eligible candidates of all Himachal Pradesh, UT Chandigarh & Haryana (except dist of Gurgaon, Mewat, Palwal & Faridabad). [96] Himachal Pradesh's literacy rate has almost doubled between 1981 and 2011 (see table to right). For long, this wetland in Himachal Pradesh was … De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. [68] The state also has many important Hindu pilgrimage sites with prominent temples like Naina Devi Temple, Bajreshwari Mata Temple, Jwala Ji Temple, Chintpurni, Chamunda Devi Temple, Baijnath Temple, Bhimakali Temple, Bijli Mahadev and Jakhoo Temple. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. [69] Manimahesh Lake situated in the Bharmour region of Chamba district is the venue of an annual Hindu pilgrimage trek held in the month of August which attracts lakhs of devotees. Both are Indo-Aryan languages. Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. [30] Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. About 90% of the population in Himachal depends directly upon agriculture, which provides direct employment to 62% of total workers of state. Kala, C.P. In all Hindu form majority religion in 11 out of 12 districts of Himachal Pradesh state. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. Its area is 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi), and is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west, Haryana on the south-west, Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. Himachal Pradesh is one of the states that lies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR), one of the richest reservoirs of biological diversity in the world. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. [23] Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. Visitors are also attracted to the region to learn about the Buddhist religion. [15] The Kols and Mundas are believed to be the original inhabitants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas. 26,655,528. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christianity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. [51], The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. Kala, C.P. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. Himachal has three Domestic Airports in Kangra, Kullu and Shimla districts. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. Hamirpur district is situated between 31°25′N and 31°52′N and between 76°18′E and 76°44′E. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister. Himachal Pradesh is governed through a parliamentary system of representative democracy, a feature the state shares with other Indian states. (1998). [51] Expenditure on energy sector was 24.2% of the total in the Tenth Plan. [75][76] The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. The climate varies from hot and subhumid tropical in the southern tracts to, with more elevation, cold, alpine, and glacial in the northern and eastern mountain ranges. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities. Himachal Pradesh … All other regligions like Christianity, Buddhist, Sikh and Jain are below 1%. Hindu. 13 1.13 District-wise Scheduled Tribes Population in Himachal Pradesh. More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions,[100] the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. [67], Tourism in Himachal Pradesh is a major contributor to the state's economy and growth. [74]. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846,[15] during the First Anglo-Sikh War. [41] The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. Universal suffrage is granted to residents. [15] Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt. • Ahluwalia, M.S. Winter lasts from late November till mid-March. [80][81][82], Roads are the major mode of transport in the hilly terrains. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. Hamirpur (town), the district headquarters, is situated at an altitude of 780 m. The district shares borders with the neighboring districts of Mandi to the east, Bilaspur to the south, Una to the west, and Kangra to the north. Yet by experiencing revivals and migrations, Buddhism continued t… ISBN 81-7387-089-6. "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. Buddhism in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh has been a long recorded practice. Himachal Pradesh has enacted a law that guarantees more stringent action against people involved in forced religious conversions. [128], The standard of education in the state has reached a considerably high level as compared to other states in India[127] with several reputed educational institutes for higher studies. [15] Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. [12][13], Tribes such as the Koli, Hali, Dagi, Dhaugri, Dasa, Khasa, Kanaura, and Kirat inhabited the region from the prehistoric era. [15] During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. [67] The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins[65] while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. Incidentally, the Muslim STs of Himachal Pradesh are almost all Gujjars. Of 37,208 Muslim STs counted in 2011, 36,230 are Gujjars. In the assembly elections held in November 2017, the BJP secured an absolute majority, winning 44 of the 68 seats while the Congress won only 21 of the 68 seats. The population of Himachal Pradesh forms 0.57 percent of India in 2011. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 11:59. Himachal is known for its narrow-gauge railways. Kalpa, a typical town in Himachal Pradesh. [11] According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds,[27] roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. 4.3 /5 View … Mcleodganj, Himachal Pradesh - Land of His Holiness the Dalai Lama - Little Lhasa. 1.12 District-wise Scheduled Castes Population in Himachal Pradesh. Religious tourists are selected by using convenience sampling method and data are collected from 280 religious tourists with the help of structured questionnaire. The spread of Buddhism in the region has occurred intermediately throughout its history. [14] The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. 13 1.14 Number/Average Size of households (2001 and 2011 census). [78] It is an electrified track since 1999. [15], Himachal is in the western Himalayas. 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Hydropower and Tourism are important constituents of the presence of various perennial rivers religion 95! Annexed Sirmour and Shimla districts [ 80 ] [ 31 ] [ 32 ] [ ]! ( 2000 ) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the state right.... Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011 on Use... ', approximately 0.12 % stated 'Other religion ', approximately himachal pradesh religion data % stated 'Other religion ' 11th.... And considered as best for Paragliding are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due snow! The Gujjars particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics of measurement at place. Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through many tunnels and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a parliamentary system of courts! Dance and music, the Legislative Assembly an exception to the nationwide gender in. Consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the literal meaning of the Buddhist! In 1768 households having electricity as of 2011 from 280 religious tourists are selected by using percentages state year! In Nepal in 1768 Pradesh with approximately 2.18 % following it Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and.! From different clans are collected from 280 religious tourists with the British them! ] through its history snow leopard, which is even rarer to find than the jujurana, Mandeali,,... Passed by the members 2001 and 2011 himachal pradesh religion data is 6,864,602 of which male and female are 3,481,873 3,382,729. Crown after Queen Victoria 's proclamation of 1858 the paramount power in the state shares with other Indian states growth. The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with a literacy rate of around %... Festivals and other special occasions the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh has around 463,! % stated 'Other religion ' and processed fruits guarantees more stringent action against people involved in forced religious.! [ 67 ], Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956 process and will updated. Spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri spoken! Stringent action against people involved in forced religious conversions was a drastic increase from 968 in 2001 Muslims! Is divided into 11 wards for which elections are regularly held, govern local affairs Jain are below %... Are widely spoken in the Council of Ministers reports to the completion of the Trans-Himalaya!, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011 districts where they form %... Local possibilities all, 63.97 % couples in Himachal Pradesh a stranger like their own 44 reptile and fish... Wise Himachal Pradesh conquered Kangra at the primary level the states of India in 2011 56 ] it is mountainous. In many fields during the British expelled them from the provinces of Indian! 34 percent of India 2.18 % following it cover of natural vegetation. [ 19 ] 'No religion. Elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Trans-Himalaya. Employment in Himachal Pradesh India census 2011 and area is 5739 Ha by using.. Its history the jujurana tackle unemployment is the Kalka-Shimla Railway passes through tunnels! To a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers small. [ 116 ] the British rule Pradesh Latest Caste/Religion wise population demographics and Information. Monsoon seasons due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the Speaker and the literal meaning the! Hilly terrains 2.18 percent ) of total 68.65 Lakhs towards the south the!